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Some Irish history

Anglo-Normans in Ireland

Saint Canice's Cathedral, Kilkenny

Anglo-Normans are so called because they'd lived in England for about a hundred years (a hundred and three) before coming into Ireland in 1169. You'll hear a place referred to as a "Norman town," which is close enough but it's not completely accurate.

The Normans were Vikings* by origin who had become somewhat French after a while. The Normans invaded* England (in 1066) only a century-and-a-half after the Vikings had sailed into Normandy (in 911.)

You might say that calling the Anglo-Normans of Ireland Norman is really kind of like calling* the Normans in England of 1066 Viking.

You might also say that the Anglo-Normans and Cambro-Normans in Ireland of the 12th century were Vikings twice removed.

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*In Dutch, "Vikingen" were "Noormannen" on a plunder mission. There is a more proper word for Normans from Normandy, but most people refer to them also as "Noormannen," as if they were still Vikings but no longer on a seagoing plunder.

In Spanish, the words "Vikingo" and "Normando" seem to be mostly synonymous.

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  ↑ Return to "like calling the Normans in England of 1066" ...

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* The Vikings themselves had been to Ireland, of course — they'd been everywhere, Labrador to Baghdad, Arctic to Mediterranean.

The Vikings established the first cities in Ireland (Dublin, Wexford, Waterford, Cork and Limerick,) in the 800's and 900's AD — and ruled small parts of the island for 200 years.

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  ↑ Return to "Vikings by origin" ...

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* The Norman conquest of England was total. While their number was a fraction of the indigenous population (maybe 10,000 against a million or two,) their military campaign was decisive.

In Ireland, the original incursion of Anglo-Normans was limited to a couple of hundred soldiers; and while their forces increased after that landing in Wexford of 1169, the "invasion" was never overwhelming; and indeed never complete.

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  ↑ Return to "invaded" ...