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The Netherlands

The Dutch Golden Age was a period that corresponded almost exactly with the 17th century in which the United Provinces of The Netherlands achieved worldwide primacy in business and military power,
empire of extraordinary civilization and great wealth
(depending upon definition and personal taste and/or politics) in science and art.

1602 establishment of V.O.C
1609, beginning of the twelve-years truce in the Dutch Revolt against Spain (Eighty-Years War)