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Freedom, free enterprise, and the Oregon Trail

"I believe in freedom and free enterprise. Government programs didn't motivate pioneers to go across the Oregon Trail."

— Gordon Smith, Republican

"Most pre-Civil War overlanders found the U.S. Government, through its armed forces, military installations, Indian agents, explorers, surveyors, road builders, physicians and mail carriers, to be an impressively potent and helpful force."

— John D. Unruh Jr., historian